The document describes the recreation for children and teenagers in the summer of 1968. Еhe report on the vacation of school children was drafted by the Lviv Regional Department of Public education. According to Soviet hierarchy of power in education, they initially drafted the order of the Ministry of Education of the Ukrainian Soviet socialist Republic “On the recreation of children for summer 1968.” It was followed by the local decisions of the regional and municipal departments for education, off party and Komsomol cells. They replicated the ministerial order, and used it as the guidance for the plan for summer vacations. When organizing and conducting events related to school education or recreation, Soviet authorities used the common practice of “providing assistance.” It meant the engagement of the freely available technical or human resources from different areas of society. To implement the plan for the vacations of the school children from Lviv region, they engaged the support from the military units, from the university students, from the pedagogical institute and VET school. Annual summer breaks for teachers were a planned with account for the provision of leisure time for schoolchildren during all the summer. The idea of the Soviet education system implied that summer vacations for school pupils must combine the education process with the Soviet ideology principles and with mandatory recreational activities. That is why summer vacations for school pupils included the “conduct of theme based shows, revolutionary song contests, hiking around the sides of the revolution-related, combat and labour feats of the Soviet people, meetings with the labour veterans, best workers from factories and farms, and sightseeing for historical and cultural landmarks.


Lviv Regional Department for Public Education About Recreation for children and teenagers in the summer of 1968

DALO, 163/4/1036
Original language:


From the Lviv Regional Department for Public Education on the health promotion for children and adolescents in the summer of 1968.

Following the order of the Ministry of Education of the Ukrainian SSR, “On the Health Promotion for Children in the Summer of 1968” and the decision of the Lviv Regional Executive Committee on this matter, the Regional Department for Public Education, together with the party and Komsomol organizations, and with the help of the regional community, carried out specific measures.

The issue of organizing summer vacation for children and adolescents was discussed at a meeting of the Council for Public Education of the regional and municipal departments for public education, pedagogical school councils, and a meeting of the heads of municipal departments for public education, while in the oblast’s raions and cities — at meetings of school principals.

The summer recreation plan for children was communicated to each raion (city) and school. Seminars were held for teachers, senior pioneer leaders, educators, and housing management officials to provide advice on organizing children’s leisure time during the summer.

The headquarters of the Carpathian Military District issued an order for military units to provide assistance in organizing military sports training.

University and college students provided considerable assistance in organizing the summer vacation for schoolchildren this year.

The Ivan Franko State University of Lviv sent 50 History Faculty students to work at the sites. More than 200 third- and fourth-year students of the Drohobych Pedagogical Institute completed a three-month training course on summer pioneering and Komsomol work with children. Students from Sambir and Brody pedagogical colleges received the same training.

In May, at the Lviv Palace of Pioneers, the Regional Department for Public Education and the Komsomol regional committee held a four-day seminar for chiefs, senior pioneer leaders, and physical educators of pioneer and military sports camps.

The vacations of teachers, senior pioneer leaders, and physical educators were in such a way that every school could conduct educational work with children throughout the summer.

One- and two-day seminars for all categories of employees provided methodological assistance at the sites, and each seminar participant received methodological guidelines for Pioneers’ and October days, games, and regulations on sports competitions.

A competition for the best work performance at the residence place, “Streets in Red Ties,” was announced in May.

Themed evenings, revolutionary song festivals, trips to places of revolutionary, military, and labor glory of the Soviet people, along with meetings with the Party veterans, industrial and agricultural leaders, contributed to the integral combination of the educational process and the health promotion for schoolchildren.

The following number of children and teenagers spent their summer break in the oblast:

In specialized camps – 52568 people.

In collective (“kolhosp” ukr) and intercollective farm camps, there are 6,884 people.

In work and recreation camps, there are 12,470 people.

As participants in trips and excursions, there are 122,525 people.

In Pioneer camps – 764 people.

In Komsomol camps, there are 602 people.

The number of Pioneers, Komsomol members, and schoolchildren who participated in the Junior Championship of Ukraine was 7861.

Collective farm (“kolhosp” ukr) and intercollective farm pioneer camps worked better than in previous years. There were 111 such camps in the oblast, which improved the health of 6,884 pupils. Such camps worked well in the Horodok, Nesterovsky, Kamianka-Buzka, Drohobych, Turka, and Starosambir raions.

For example, there were 17 collective (“kolhosp” ukr) and intercollective farm camps in the Horodok district. Out of 15,085 pupils in the district, 13,595 participated in active forms of recreation. […]

The work of the intercollective pioneer camp “ZIRKA” in the Starosambir raion was well-organized; there were 150 pioneers who combined their vacation with work on the collective farm (“kolhosp” ukr).

There were 30 camps in the Kamianka-Buzka district during the summer, providing health improvement programs for 9,470 children. The work done at the inter-collective-farm pioneer camp in the area of the B. Khmelnytsky kolhosps and “Druzhba,” along with the collective farm (“kolhosp” urk) camp at the place of Polonychna High School, was substantial. The camps held morning activities on the following topics: “Lenin’s Name on the Map of the Motherland,” “Hello Summer,” and “50 Tumultuous Years.” The pioneers visited the Lenin Museum in the village of Novyi Vytkiv and the Radekhiv Tractor Plant, where they discussed the topic “Who to be?” Two- to three-day trips were organized to study flora and fauna […].

The Lviv Regional Children’s Excursion and Tourist Station has been devoting significant attention annually to the organization and content of tourist camps and resorts. This year, nine stationary camps were open during the summer vacation. Six of them were  in the Carpathians, and three on the Black Sea coast:

1. for 300 vacation places there were 910 people
2. «Verkhovyna» 200 601
3. «Trembita» 200 691
4. «Polonyna» 150 450
5. «Poshuk» 75
6. «Politekhnik» 75
7. «Pivdennyi» 150 452
8. «Sevastopol» 125 375
9. «Yalta» 100 300
 In total:  3939                                                                 

During their stay in the camps, the young tourists went on many exciting trips to the Carpathians, learned about the revolutionary past and the history of the workers’ struggle to establish Soviet power in the western regions of Ukraine and to strengthen the kolhosp system, and studied local materials on the achievements of the commercial and cultural development of the Soviet system.

The most prominent tourist camp, “Karpaty,” has been operating for 13 years now. It has become a proper training base for tourist assets of the oblast’s schools.

The southern tourist camps operated in the Hero Cities of Sevastopol, Odesa, and Yalta. During their stay, young tourists took fascinating trips and got acquainted with the historical and cultural sights of the Black Sea coast.

Schoolchildren of the oblast camp “Poshuk” participated in a 20-day trip to the sites of the 18th Army’s combat operation to liberate the Carpathians. Among the participants were members of the regional club “Poshuk,” red trailblazers of the Regional Children’s Excursion and Tourist Station, Lviv Palace of Pioneers, schools No. 74, 52, and 30 of Lviv, Pomorianska school, Skole boarding school, Khodoriv House of Pioneers. The trip was dedicated to the 50th anniversary of the Leninist Komsomol.

During their stay in the camps, pupils had training in tourism and passed the requirements for the instructor title. At the summer camps, some of the best tourists were honored with:

The badge “Tourist of the USSR” — 2245 people.

The badge “Young Tourist” — 621

Third rank in tourism — 305

And some were prepared as school tourism instructors — 163

In total, during the summer vacation in the oblast, school and pioneer camps, the following number of people received badges and titles: 

“Tourist of the USSR” — 11163 people.

“Young Tourist” — 7453 people.

Third rank in tourism — 806

The instructor title in school tourism — 428

Traveling tourist camps with 12- to 20-day stays remain greatly popular among schoolchildren in the oblast. Eight hundred seventy schoolchildren attended these camps, which placed in the cities of Leningrad, Moscow, Vilnius – Riga – Tallinn, Sochi – Yalta – Sevastopol, Chișinău – Odesa – Vyborg – Leningrad.

The Lviv Regional Children’s Excursion and Touring Station opened seasonal bases in Kyiv and Uzhhorod during the summer holidays, in addition to 4 permanent bases. Besides, there were 23 additional routes. The recreation facilities hosted 7,266 children over the summer. In total, 12,065 people received health promotion measures at camps and resorts during the summer vacation.

During the summer, the red-tie pioneers of the region continued to study their local history and the history of the creation of the initial Komsomol organizations. They met with the first Komsomol members and industrial and agricultural leaders. At the regional schools, 4,113 red trailblazer units were created, which organized more than 95,000 hikes and excursions as part of Komsomol’s tasks. The red trailblazers of schools No. 30, 59, 37, 31, 74, and 52 walked the paths of military glory along the route: Lviv – Skole – Klemenets – Ivashkivtsi – Mount Pikuy – Veretskyi Pass.

Pupils from schools No. 58, 59, 67, and 74 of Lviv went through the paths of Petrovsky’s division, following the objectives of the Museum of the History of the Carpathian Military District. The red trailblazers of Nesteriv Middle School No. 1, Mageriv Middle School, Dobrosyn Middle School, and Byshkiv High School went along the paths of Komsomol glory, which are associated with the names of Olena [surname is unfortunately illegible], Oleksa Bilokuryi, Kateryna Horyacha, Maria Polusytok, [name is unreadable] Ros, Petro Lypak, who are the first Komsomol members of the Nesteriv region died at the hands of Ukrainian bourgeois nationalists. The materials collected during the trips furnished the halls of military glory; seven new memorials of Komsomol glory were opened. More than 2.5 thousand schoolchildren from the region visited Brest, Kyiv, Leningrad, Sevastopol, Odesa, and Moscow. New tourist routes to the Carpathians were created.

Worked on the material:
Research, comment

Oksana Hodovanska

Translation into English

Oleksandr Korman

Text transcript

Orest Kostiv


Lviv gymnasts on Crimea beach, Borys Jasynovskyi collection

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