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Rethinking Eastern Europe
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Ivanna Cherchovych

PhD in History (Ivan Krypiakevych Institute of Ukrainian Studies, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 2014), a graduate of the History Faculty at Ivan Franko National University in Lviv. She was a visiting researcher at the Herder Institute for the History of East and Central Europe in Marburg (2017), at the German Historical Institute in Warsaw (2019), at the Center for European, Russian, and Eurasian Studies at Toronto University (Petro Yatsyk Program) (2022). Author of the course on “To be a woman in the late 19th century Eastern Galicia” at the Ukrainian Catholic University (2019). Since 2016, she has been a member of the Ukrainian Association of Researchers of Women’s History. The key research focuses are: women’s history, historical anthropology, history of everyday life in Galicia in the second half of the 19th and early 20th centuries.

At the Center for Urban History, Ivanna is implementing education projects and works on her research project on women’s experiences of urban spaces in Galicia in the second half of the 19th and early 20th centuries.

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Documents (10)

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Uliana Starosolska’s memories on her deportation from Lviv to Kazakhstan in 1940
Uliana Starosolska (Lviv 1912 – New York 2011), a Ukrainian journalist and writer deported by the Soviets from her home city of Lviv to Kazakhstan at the time of World War II together with her mother Dariia Shuhevych-Starosolska (a pianist, journalist and editor) and older brother Ihor Starosolsky (in future an architect and restorer). The family was sent there to follow her father Volodymyr Starosolskyi, a lawyer repressed in 1940. In 1946 Uliana and her brother came back from the exile. She settled down in Poland, graduated from Poznan University and got her degree in economics. Since 1967 Uliana resided in the USA. She was the editor of the Ukrainian emigrant journal "Nashe...
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Excerpt of Lesya Ukrainka’s letter to Mykhailo Kryvyniuk about “fraternal peoples” 1903
A writer Larysa Kosach [Lesya Ukrainka], in a letter to a friend, an ideological and political like-minded member of the Ukrainian Social Democratic Party, at that time a forced emigrant from the Russian Empire settled in Lviv, Mykhailo Kryvyniuk, writes his impressions of the publishing discussions that took place during those times in Russian liberal circles on the matter of non-Russian languages and the general language policy of Russian “oppositionists” of the early twentieth century.
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Letter of Antin Krushelnytsky to his wife Maria about the fact of harassment in the Kolomyia Women’s Seminary, 1926
Antin Krushelnytsky is a Ukrainian author, literary critic, and teacher. When writing this text, he worked as the director of the Jewish gymnasium of Rabbi H. Shapira in Kolomyia. In a letter to his wife Maria (maiden name Sloboda, ex-actress of the theater "Ruska Besida" he writes about the case of sexual harassment of students in the Kolomyia Teacher's Women's Seminary (an educational institution for the training of primary school teachers) exercised by the director of this educational institution, Yosyp Tchaikovsky. This case was made public thanks to the director of the women's gymnasium of the Ukrainian Pedagogical Society, Roman Hamchykevych. He found out about harassment from one of the seminary students. He...
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Letter of Lesya Ukrainka to Mykhailo Pavlyk about Ukrainian subordination to two different empires, 1903
An author Larysa Kosach [Lesya Ukrainka], in her letter to the Ukrainian politician, a subject of the Austrian Empire, Mykhaylo Pavlyk, writes about the plan for her emigration from Russia. The letter was written in 1903 from San Remo, where the writer was undergoing medical treatment. That is why the author could afford writing quite frankly, without hiding in front of the then Russian imperial censorship. Otherwise, in case of getting the letter, they would only let it pass sometimes. At least the Soviet censorship had not missed the most interesting fragment of the Ukrainka' message. They deleted it from the publication in the 12-volume edition of the writer's works compiled in 1979....
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Memories of a dissident Leonid Plyushch about the Dnipropetrovsk psychiatric prison, 1973-1976
Leonid Plyushch is a Ukrainian mathematician, publicist, literary critic, dissident, and member of the Initiative Group for Human Rights and the Foreign Mission of the Ukrainian Helsinki Group. Since 1968, he has been persecuted by the Soviet government. In 1973, he was imprisoned in Dnipropetrovsk Special Psychiatric Prison. Under pressure from the international community, he was released in 1976 and emigrated to France. After his release, he wrote an autobiographical book called “History’s Carnival: A Dissident’s Biography.” Analyzing his life from post-war childhood to falling into the grip of Soviet punitive psychiatry, the author presents a portrait of a whole generation of the "Sixtiers". The passage given here demonstrates the system of Soviet...
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An article in the monthly “Świat Płciowy” about prostitution in Lviv, 1905
The article published in the famous Polish-language monthly "Świat Płciowy" on prostitution in Lviv was based on statistical data for 1904. In the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the state attempted to control prostitution through the policing of prostitutes. Such monitoring and control systems distinguished between two forms of the sex trade: open prostitution (registered) and clandestine (unregistered). The persons suspected in the latter were subject to legal prosecution. Registered prostitutes had to undergo regular checks with a doctor at their own expense, and pay for their treatment themselves, if any such need was necessary. This circumstance was one of the most obvious reasons for avoiding entry into the register. According to a study by Nancy...
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Videos (2)

Image for The Morality of Mrs. Dulska, 2013 TV Movie [Moralność pani Dulskiej]
The Morality of Mrs. Dulska, 2013 TV Movie [Moralność pani Dulskiej]
It is a screen adaptation of the same name work by the Polish writer Gabriela Zapolska, written in 1906. The play's plot reveals the problem of social inequalities and moral degradation of the Galician society at the turn of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, where these inequalities were crucial. The author chose female characters as protagonists. According to literary critics, the prototype of the main character in this text, Aneli Dulska, was a prominent Lviv-based author, Mrs. Golanbova (pani Gołąbowa). The prototype’s name is also associated with a Lviv woman named Czeslawa Dulska. In response to a survey published in 1905 by the famous local newspaper Wiek Nowy, she described her housekeeping system...
Image for For the Family Hearth, a 1970 film
For the Family Hearth, a 1970 film
The film is an adaptation of the novel of the same name by Ivan Franko, written in 1892. In his story, the problem of sexual slavery (or “white slavery” in the terms of those times) and women’s engagement as its victims and enablers. The author’s choice of topic must have been influenced by the lawsuits against human traffickers that were actively taking place in Galicia at this time. One of the most high-profile cases was the Lviv trial in 1892 against 27 traffickers (men and women) accused of organizing sexual traffic abroad. The investigation confirmed 29 cases of selling girls from Galicia to brothels in Constantinople, Egypt, and India. The “white slavery” usually...
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Related modules (1)

In the 19th century, the gender pact dividing public and private spheres, as man-owned and women-inhabited, found its most solid reasoning. The separation of the private and the public was accelerated by the Industrial Revolution when it fixed a role of the key “bread-winner” for the man. The gender-divided lines of responsibility have certainly existed before the 19th century, but the role of women in family economy before the Industrial Revolution was much more visible. Since the Enlightenment era, the idea of the private and the public (as female and male, respectively) has been included into legal codes of most European states. This way, the new economic order was enshrined in the law...

Related digital stories (3)

The three stories presented in this text are dedicated to three different women united by one city. Sharing a common urban space, they experienced it in different ways, given their different social positions, status and starting opportunities. The time in which they had to live their lives was in one way or another reflected in microstories from the life of each of these women. The first story is dedicated to Maria Hrushkevych, a long-time employee of the Lviv post office, who was among the "first" women employed by the state. In the second, Maria Linchak will be talked about, who was a maid in the house of Teofil and Liudmyla Hrushkevych, a chorister...
This research focuses on three women: 20-year-old Maria Shutek from Znesinnia [the area of Lychakivskyi District in Lviv, t\n], put on trial for the murder of her daughter Sofia in Lviv in May 1870; a 45-year-old midwife from Virmenska st. [Armenian street, t\n] named Klara Weisshaar, accused of complicity in the crime of abortion, which she helped to perform on a servant named Katarzyna Słodka in March 1905; and 35-year-old Elżbieta Wenne, convicted of pimping out her daughter in 1887. The stories told by these women are not the stories of victims. At least, it would be hard to call them that. These stories are about choices made, mistakes and their consequences, human...
On Sunday, September 10, 1893, at about 11 p.m., in the vicinity of ul. Rappaporta, Maria Kopańska, a maid, was attacked by four men — Stanisław Julian Starzewski, Michał Bendyk, Antoni Równy and Emil Bilo. The company was returning from a restaurant on ul. Szpitalna. As they later admitted, they "had been drinking vodka and beer" there. On ul. Rappaporta they saw Maria, who was walking home alone from a wedding. For the woman, the encounter ended in a gang rape. The court proceedings, which soon began on the victim's claim, although confirming the fact of violence, released three defendants from criminal liability. The fourth one, Emil Bilo, was never brought to trial,...

Related courses (1)

The late nineteenth and twentieth centuries entered history with rapid changes, such as political, economic, demographic, social, ideological, and cultural. The course makes an attempt to look at how modernization has changed men and women and their gender roles and responsibilities, and what new meanings it gave to the once-established norms. It also tackles the question of how the modernity enshrined approaches affect our present. The topics presented in this course refer to different humanitarian disciplines (women's history, cultural studies, sociology, literary studies, art studies) and to different historical contexts. They rely on a variety of sources and methods focusing on a person in their gender-based roles and interdependencies. The course will present...